discus_fish

History

These species were discovered in 1840, by Dr. Johann Jacob Heckel in the freshwaters of the Amazon and its tributaries. These great looking small fish are known for their flat disc shaped body and they exist in groups, taking cover in underwater plants, where they get indirect sunlight and solitude they need. Because of their flat shape, they make unrestricted movements playing hide and seek in the aquatic vegetation. These fish are found in Amazon stretches of Brazil, Columbia and Peru.

Freshwater Discus

The freshwater Discus can be found in three colors Green, Blue and Brown. Their colored appearance depends upon the geographic location of their natural habitat, which is usually deep and still backwater, where the submerged trees and plants gives a very flourishing place to these pretty fish.

The most preferable conditions are offered by gently acidic and warm water areas, since these fish are a bit shy and peaceful, so they prefer to have a secluded territory, where they don’t have to face unwanted enemies and predators.

Appearance

These are average sized fish, with a round and flat body and out-stretched fins making it look like a disk. It is characterized by a small mouth, tiny bright red eyes, vibrant green, blue or brown colors and nine vertical, dark stripes. The pet Discus is available in other colors too, after crossing color varied species. The stripes are a shield for protection and a way of communication within the members of a Discus school.

Size

Discus fish are about 2 inches long when they are born and can grow up to 6-8 inches in diameter. They grow at a rate of about half to one inch every two months. Pet Discus fish when given proper care and nutrition, may live for 15 years and it attains diameter of 8 inches at an age of 2 to 2.5 years!

Discus Fish Keeping And Care

These are not an easy pet, since they require certain water conditions that may not be provided in fish tanks by an inexperienced caretaker. The Discus fish as a pet must be handled by those who are passionate enough to learn how to properly breed and care them.

These fishes, are usually kept in a planted tank with CO2 injection, to maintain slightly lower pH that is around 6.8. Other options for housing these type of fish are bare bottomed tank, although this may not appeal to many as it is not as aesthetically pleasing as the previous tank.

The bare bottomed tank is considered by many, as an easier tank to keep them, since the feces of the fish and other debris can be cleaned easily. If you are planning to breed them, you should get a bare bottomed tank for your fish, so that the fry do not get trapped in the gravel and die subsequently.

Water temperature, pH and Ammonia levels

The Discus fish breed thrives in soft water with low mineral content and pH value between 4.0 and 7.0. The water temperature must be a bit higher than 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Regularly check pH levels by using a water test kit.

Bio load and bio mass

Discus fish are a very sensitive breed, which can be highly affected by an unclean aquarium. Proper care must be taken to avoid bio-debris being collected in the aquarium. This debris can be due to the remains of the food offered to the fish, like live worms, beef heart, feed flakes and vegetable shreds. In addition to these, excreta of the fish can also accumulate to create this unwanted biomass.

For proper breeding, you must ensure that if some food is not consumed by the fish, it must be immediately removed from the tank with the help of a net, before it deposits at the bottom of the tank and dissolve and disappear in the gravel. If you fail to do this, bacteria, viruses, and other parasites may multiply on the organic matter and make them sick.

SaleBestseller No. 1
Freshwater Aquariums For Dummies (For Dummies (Pets))
  • Heleine, Madelaine Francis (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 400 Pages - 10/08/2019 (Publication Date) - For Dummies (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 2
Freshwater Aquariums (Aquamaster)
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Thraves, Stuart (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 96 Pages - 08/01/2007 (Publication Date) - CompanionHouse Books (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 3
500 Freshwater Aquarium Fish: A Visual Reference to the Most Popular Species
  • Jennings, Greg (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 528 Pages - 06/01/2018 (Publication Date) - Firefly Books (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 4
Koi: A Complete Guide to their Care and Color Varieties
  • Brewster, Bernice (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 256 Pages - 10/08/2015 (Publication Date) - Firefly Books (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 5
Betta Fish: The Simple Guide to Caring for Your Magical Betta
  • James, Walter (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 124 Pages - 11/26/2019 (Publication Date) - Admore Publishing (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 6
Setting Up a Tropical Aquarium: Week By Week
  • Thraves, Stuart (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 208 Pages - 08/20/2015 (Publication Date) - Firefly Books (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 7
Manual of Fish Health: Everything You Need to Know About Aquarium Fish, Their Environment and Disease Prevention
  • Andrews, Dr. Chris (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 208 Pages - 10/14/2010 (Publication Date) - Firefly Books (Publisher)

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Care sheet

The checkpoints for Discus fish care are

  • Clean tank placed in a quiet place,
  • Isolation of new fish to protect the older ones from infection,
  • Maintaining water temperature between 84 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit,
  • Fish tank must have foliage to give them a feeling of their natural habitat,
  • Feeding right food in the right quantity,
  • Maintaining pH level between 4.0 to 7.0 using a filter
  • Changing water weekly.

Discus Breeding & Mating

Tank setup for Breeding

These can easily reproduce in the aquarium tank, if given the right conditions and attention. The first thing that you must pay attention to, is that the pH level of soft water in the aquarium tank is just right close to 6.5.

Discus fish are very fussy about their surroundings, so a small or congested aquarium may discourage them for breeding. So, the tank must be at least 36 inches x 18 inches X 18 inches in dimensions to give an ideal space to them for reproduction.

The temperature of the aquarium must be maintained at about 82 degrees Fahrenheit, to give a warmer climate in order to encourage them to switch to their mating behavior. If the water quality of the aquarium is maintained and the water is recycled every week, it will surely result in a boom in the fish population in your tank

When they are ready to spawn, you must place an upturned clay pot or cone, which is fairly tall for them to lay eggs on. Here the fish will get a secure hatching area where they can lay and guard their eggs.

Bestseller No. 1
Aqua KT Discus Fish Breeding Cone Cave Spawning Slates for Aquarium Landscape Decoration
  • Professional fish breeding cone can help your fish increase breeding and lay egg well.
  • Made of natural ceramic, no smell, safety for your fish. Conical design is especially for discus, angle, clown fish, goldfish and so on.
  • Ceramic cone with smooth surface is good for fish egg to attach on it easily, ensure high reproduction by your fish.
  • Provide spawning sites for your fish, also as ornament to decorate your aquarium fish tank.
  • Easy to clean, you can clean it just with warmth water.
Bestseller No. 2
DOHO Ceramic Spawning Breed Cone for Discus Fish and Angelfish Fish Breeding Cones Cave 7 Inches
  • Ceramic spawning breed cone provides spawning sites for your fish.
  • Breeding cone for discus fish、angel fish and other substrate fish to spawn.
  • Smooth surface for fish egg to attach on it easily, ensure high reproduction.
  • The spawning breed cone made of ceramic fired from mineral soil, can process water filtration in your aquarium.
  • Package Include: 1 x Aquarium Spawning Cone; Size: 10 x 18 cm/ 3.9" x 7"(D*H)
Bestseller No. 3
Aqua KT Fish Breeding Cone Spawning Slates for Aquarium Landscape Fish Tank, 7.1 Inch Height, Made of Natural Ceramic
  • Made of natural ceramic, uniform surface, no other chemical ingredients added,especially great for tropical fishes, shrimp.
  • Applied for Discus, Angels, Clownfish and other substrate fish to spawn.
  • Made of natural ceramic, high quality, can process water filtration in your aquarium.
  • Ceramic cone with smooth surface is good for fish egg to attach on it easily, ensure high reproduction by your fish.
  • Provide spawning sites for your fish, also as ornament to decorate your aquarium fish tank.
Bestseller No. 4
Aquarium Decorations 8.6" Ceramic Spawning Breed Cone Fish Tank Decor for Aquatic Pets Discus
  • Ceramic cone provides spawning sites for your fish.
  • Applied for Discus, Angels, Clownfish and other substrate fish to spawn.
  • Smooth surface for egg to attach on it easily, ensure high reproduction.
  • Made of quality ceramic, can process water filtration in your aquarium.
  • Package Include: 1 x Aquarium Spawning Cone; Size: 5.9" x 8.6"(D*H)
Bestseller No. 5
Discus Breeding for Beginners
  • Used Book in Good Condition
  • Hardcover Book
  • Wattley, Jack (Author)
  • English (Publication Language)
  • 64 Pages - 03/01/2000 (Publication Date) - Tfh Pubns Inc (Publisher)

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Breeding Behavior and Pairing

For breeding you need a young and healthy pair of Discus, you can buy a set of young Discus fish and when they grow, they will breed to give you a whole Discus school. You must have 6-10 Discus from different breeders to have genetic diversity to get a good and varied population.

You can also get a breeding pair from a reputed breeder and this way you may get the expected results, faster. When you have a breeding Discus to feed, you must provide protein rich and diversifying diet.

These fishes are highly territorial when they are in the process of pair bonding and at such times the male displays aggression, to claim right on the female Discus. This way the male gets a female as a mate and prevents another male Discus from the potential mating pair. You must keep an eye on such mating pairs, before the male hurts other males, and this mating pair must be put in separate aquaria.

Spawning and taking care of Fry

The spawning medium has to be placed in the center of the aquarium and the fish will spawn eggs after cleaning the area around this medium. The pair will mate and the female will lay eggs every week for fifteen weeks. If suitable conditions are given to the mating pair, they will be devoted to each other for the rest of their life and will have more offspring.

The Discus eggs are small, slightly opaque spheres, which will stick to the cone. The parent fish pair continuously fan the eggs for ventilation and this keeps them safe from infections. Discus eggs hatch after 48 hours of laying, when the fry will be ready to swim. At this time the young fish feed themselves and grow rapidly. To prevent the fry from becoming aggressive, they must be kept away from the parents and must be fed on commercial food. When they grow up to 2 inches in diameter, they can be sold or gifted to your friends.

Discus Fish Food and Feeding

What do Discus fish eat?

In their natural homes Discus fish can eat anything they lay their fins on. Basically omnivores, they relish small bloodworms, daphnia, brine shrimp and the underwater vegetation mostly algae.

Bestseller No. 1
Seachem NutriDiet Discus Flakes - Fortified Ornamental Fish Food Supplement 100g
  • FLAKE BLEND: NutriDiet Discus Flakes is a premium and nutritionally balanced diet formulated to meet the requirements of all discus while also working as an effective appetite stimulant. It contains only the highest quality of ingredients including fish, squid, and earthworms.
  • NUTRITIONAL ALGAE:NutriDiet Discus Flakes have Chlorella Algae as an exceptional source of a broad range of vitamins, amino acids, as well as other nutrients required for animal life. Chlorella Algae is considered a potential super food.
  • PROBIOTICS: Discus Flakes also contain probiotics which helps the digestive system of fish and inverts by promoting nutrient uptake, reducing waste, and supporting the immune system.
  • WASTE REDUCTION: Due to Discus Flakes being easy for ornamental fish to completely digest, unnecessary waste is reduced in the system.
  • FEEDING: When feeding your ornamental fish NutriDiet Discus Flakes, feed as much as the fish will consume in three minutes of feeding up to 3 times daily.
Bestseller No. 2
Tetra 77080 Pro Tropical Color Crisps, Fish Food With Natural Color Enhancers,7.41-Ounce (210 g)
  • TROPICAL FORMULATION: TetraPro Tropical Color Crisps provide advanced nutrition for the discerning tropical fish-keeper.
  • OPTIMAL HEALTH: Made with exclusive low-heat process that preserves essential vitamins and nutrients – enhanced with biotin to support fish’s immune system.
  • COLOR ENHANCING: High content of natural color enhancers promote the development of rich, beautiful coloration in tropical fish.
  • CLEAR-WATER FORMULA: Easy-to-digest formula helps fish metabolize food more efficiently, reducing waste in the aquarium.
  • FLOATING FOOD: Fish have longer to eat, so more food gets eaten and the water stays clear.
Bestseller No. 3
Hikari Tropical Discus Bio-Gold Fish Food, 2.82 oz (80g)
  • Natural color enhancing ingredients safely produce brilliant colors
  • Highest grade of caroteniods available today to help your fish look their best
  • High in stabilized vitamin C to support immune system health
  • Perfect blend of proteins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals
  • Free of parasites and bacteria common with live foods
Bestseller No. 4
Hikari HK22206 1.23 oz Vibra Bites Tropical Fish Food
  • Carefully selected color enhancing ingredients help rapidly bring out the brilliant colors of your fish
  • Uniquely balanced formulation offers nutrition live worms cannot without the parasite or bacteria risks.
  • Inclusion of mealworms make this a delicious offering most tropical fish immediately attack
  • Unique stick that readily moves through the water column like live food
  • Ideal tropical fish who prefer live foods
Bestseller No. 5
Omega One Freeze Dried Blood Worms, 0.96 oz
  • NUTRITIOUS TREAT: Omega One Freeze-Dried Blood Worms are an excellent high-protein treat for all freshwater and saltwater fish
  • HIGH QUALITY INGREDIENTS: These full-bodied, authentic bloodworms are rich in vitamins and minerals
  • SAFE ALTERNATIVE: Freeze-dried bloodworms are just as nutritious as live food, without the risk of bacteria or parasites
  • INSTRUCTIONS: Feed as a part of a varied diet, which should include at least one Omega One staple food. Feed daily, using only as much food as fish can consume in two minutes
  • GUARANTEED ANALYSIS: Min Crude Protein 55% / Min Crude Fat 3% / Max Crude Fiber 5% / Max Moisture 5%
Bestseller No. 6
Cobalt Aquatics "Discus Hans Flakes 5 oz. (23039N)
  • Powerful blend co-developed with the renowned discus expert, discus Hans. A mix of high-quality salmon fish meal, dried Spirulina, garlic powder, and dried earthworm powder that is designed to keep discus in top condition and color.
  • Includes cobalt’s Blue flakes, which help support a healthy digestive and immune system and keep fish in top shape and color.
  • Packed with probiotics in the form of bacillus sp. Bacteria, which support a healthy digestive system.
  • The scientific advancements of probiotics coupled together with a solid nutritional base, makes Cobalt flake foods The most advanced Nutrition available!
  • Will not cloud water – a cleaner diet results in less waste for a cleaner aquarium!
SaleBestseller No. 7
Omega One Discus Sinking Pellets 8 oz
  • Designed specifically for the needs of fish in the genus Symphysodon (Discus).
  • The only Discus food in the world made from fresh Alaskan seafood.
  • Price is for one 8 oz. container.

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Best food and diet

If you are planning to give your pet Discus something really nutritious, then at the time of feeding of Discus fish, it would be good if you combine blood worms and other vegetable shreds like spinach to keep the fish in healthiest shape.

Unfortunately, live foods are susceptible to carry bacteria and other harmful parasites, so you should be careful about such diet before you feed your well cared Discus School. Another recommended diet is high grade tropical flakes that would make a good supplement and will give the fish much needed nutrients and vitamins.

You can also feed some packed food available commercially, like pellets, which supplement their dietary needs. This will help in developing a strong immune system and a better health.

Discus Granules

For good health of grown Discus fish, they must be fed with a variety of diet granules. The granule diet will ensure that they get all the nutrients they require. Granules are best processed food for Discus and can be passed through a small conical feeder cone which is greatly relished by Discus.

Feeding Discus

The Discus fish prefer to be fed in the middle of the tank, and may not pay any attention to the food that floats on the water surface or lying near the side walls. Blood worms or beef heart can also be fed in a small feeder cone.

If you are feeding Discus fish with beef heart, you have to take extra care to keep the tank clean since the uneaten food will invite bacteria and parasites to grow and that will make the fish sick. To protect them from infections and diseases, you must plan and do regular maintenance in order to avoid polluting the tank. After this Discus will be the easiest fish to keep in your tank.

These fishes can go a couple of weeks without eating, but you will need to feed them up to three times a day to help them grow to their full size and acquire their symbolic bright colors.

Diseases

All fish are prone to disease. A well maintained aquarium will never be a hub of diseases. Most of the diseases will come from a poorly maintained aquarium. Any harmful environment is bound to affect your aquatic pets at the end of the day.

Clear water doesn’t mean that these fishes are free from Diseases.

So unhygienic conditions in aquarium causes many diseases to Discus fish like

  • Rapid Breathing,
  • Flicking (Scratching and flashing, Clamped Fins)
  • Loss of Balance
  • Swollen Abdomen or swollen eyes,
  • Fin Rot
  • Ick
  • Flukes
  • Tail Rot
  • Leeches on Discus body
  • Skin Ulcers due to Bacterial Infection,
  • Flagelite parasite infection causing holes in head and subsequent pus,
  • Velvet Oodinium pillularis,
  • White Stringy Faeces
  • Cloudy Eye
  • Discus Plague

Most of the diseases can be treated by changing water regularly and keeping the tank clean from biomass. Some of the common medicines like octozin and Interpet Number Nine anti-internal bacteria can also be applied.

If the fish are de-wormed frequently, since they are not in their natural habitat, they will remain free from many of the mentioned diseases.

Behavior

If you observe the them closely, they are not competing for mates, they are exceptionally social fish. Their social behavior can be seen by the fact that they prefer to stay in large groups when they are in freshwater rivers. But when they have grown into adults and are seeking for breeding partners they can be very ferocious. At this time males can bully other males to the extent of driving them away to win over their partner.

This is a very relevant piece of information if you are a breeder, so that you may keep a number of same age to maintain the equality among companions. This will keep them happy as they will be in their social circle. Since these fish are territorial and if they have young fish in their tank, they can bully them and starve them to death, by stealing their food.

Names

When you keep a pet, you research various sources for giving them a loving name. So selecting a Name for your Discus Fish is an important part of fish care. After this exercise, you will be able to identify them individually.

You will take better care of these aquatic pets, which are as adorable as any other pet you own. It will create an emotional bonding between you and your special or loved fish. To help you in this important decision we have a complete list of fish names.

Tank Mates

If you are planning to get only a few of them, it may be possible that they will feel bored or disoriented. So to provide them some friends, belonging to other species of animals, you choose a Tank Mates for your Discus Fish, is a quite difficult but an interesting task.

So, some of the companionable partners for your Discus Fish can be Cardinal Tetras, Corydoras Catfish, Ancistrus, Bettas, Angel fish, Guppies, Barbs & Loaches. Know More.

Tank & Bowl

If you are investing so much of your resources and are fully committed to get complements for you fish filled aquatic tank, then the most important activity will be, keeping the aquarium clean and cycling water weekly.

The tank must be cleaned with a net to remove all kinds of leftovers and feces dropped by them. Keeping your fish healthy and free from all kinds of bacterial and viral infections, will automatically safeguard them as pets, but also protects your investment made in the form of money and time. Know more

When setting up a new tank or repairing leaks, make sure that your sealant is fish tank safe or you may risk chemicals leaching into the tank.

Bestseller No. 1
Aqueon Betta Fish Tank Starter Kit, Half Gallon, Blue
  • Low-maintenance, economical kit to get you started
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Bestseller No. 2
H2Pro 30" Glass Canopy 20 Long/29 Gallon Aquarium Fish Tank (29.21 x 11.69 x 0.16in)
  • Fits most 20Long/29 gallon Fish tanks (marine land & perfecto). there are different Aquarium manufactures. Please measure your Tank opening to the closest millimeter before purchasing!
  • Dimensions: 29.21 x 11.69 x 0.16in (74.2 x 23.2 x 0.4cm)
  • Features new and improved tempered glass; durable and reduces evaporation
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Bestseller No. 3
Aqua Culture Aquarium, 10 gallon
  • The perfect starter aquarium or terrarium for a wide variety of fish and reptiles
Bestseller No. 4
H2Pro 20" Glass Canopy 10 Gallon Aquarium Fish Tank (19.33 x 9.65 x 0.16in)
  • Fits most 10 gallon Fish tanks. There are different Aquarium manufactures. Please measure your Tank opening to the closest millimeter before purchasing!
  • Dimensions: 19.33 x 9.65 x 0.16in (49.1 x 24.5 x 0.4cm)
  • Features new and improved tempered glass; durable and reduces evaporation
  • Clear Plastic back strip that can be cut to fit your Aquarium
  • Provides the area for your Lighting to sit while allowing simple access to your Aquarium
Bestseller No. 5
Tetra Crescent aquarium Kit 5 Gallons, Curved-Front Tank With LEDs
  • aquarium KIT Curved-front crescent-shaped aquarium kit is perfect for one goldfish or up to three community tropical fish
  • INCLUDES FILTER Includes Tetra Whisper Internal Power Filter to keep your tank clean and provide a healthy environment for pet fish
  • HIDDEN LIGHTS Bright-white energy-efficient LED lights are hidden inside the low-profile black cover
  • SEAMLESS TANK Offers unobstructed viewing of your underwater environment
  • 5 GALLON TANK Small size that’s perfect for a bedroom living room or dorm room (15 inches x 9 inches x 11 inches)

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Bestseller No. 1
Koller Products 2-Gallon Fish Bowl - BL20RPET
  • Fill with fresh flowers, silk flowers, potpourri, glass beads or decorative marbles
  • Crystal-clear design makes it look like glass but it is manufactured of break-resistant plastic
  • Ideal for home decor, weddings, crafting and centerpieces
  • One-piece construction providing superior strength and durability, unlike glass tanks glued together with silicone, this stylish shaped tank puts to rest any worries or concerns about possible leaks
  • If we can be of any help please do not hesitate to contact us at customercare@kollerproducts.com, we'll take good care of you
SaleBestseller No. 2
Koller Products 1-Gallon Fish Bowl, Shatterproof Plastic with Crystal Clear Clarity
  • Fill with fresh flowers, silk flowers, potpourri, glass beads or decorative marbles
  • Perfect for home decor, weddings, crafting and centerpieces
  • Made of shatterproof plastic, unlike glass fish bowls that can shatter when dropped this durable bowl puts to rest any concerns about possible accidents and glass all over
  • This classic bowl will look good wherever you place it
  • Dimensions: 8. 5" L x 5" W x 8. 5" H
Bestseller No. 3
Koller Products 1-Gallon Glass Fish Bowl
  • Ideal for Home Decor, Weddings, Crafting and Centerpieces
  • Fill with fresh flowers, silk flowers, potpourri, glass beads or decorative marbles
  • This trendy bowl will look good wherever you place it.
  • Dimensions: 8.5" DIA x 7" H
  • If we can be of any help please do not hesitate to contact us at customercare@kollerproducts.com, we'll take good care of you
Bestseller No. 4
Koller Products Panaview 1-Gallon Globe Fish Bowl (BL10RPET)
  • Fill with fresh flowers, silk flowers, potpourri, glass beads or decorative marbles.
  • Panaview 360-viewing, perfect for home decor, weddings, crafting and centerpieces.
  • Manufactured of shatterproof plastic, unlike glass fish bowls that can shatter when dropped this durable bowl puts to rest any concerns about possible accidents and glass all over.
  • Crystal clear clarity so good that most think it's glass, This trendy bowl will look good wherever you place it.
  • Panaview 1-Gallon Globe Fish Bowl Dimensions: 8 Diameter x 7 H Inches
Bestseller No. 5
Anchor Hocking 4262 Goldfish Bowl Drum, 1 Gallon
  • The Anchor Hocking drum fishbowl is made of durable glass that is ideal for being an at-home Aquarium or terrarium
  • Perfect for a desk, bookcase, or shelf
  • For Indoor use only
  • 100% Glass
  • Made in USA

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

Discus Buying/Purchasing

  • Purchasing your pet is an emotional and exciting decision, to be taken with great care and after extensive research. You may feel stressed while selecting the healthiest and prettiest fish by spending the money within your constraints.
  • You must not rush to get the first batch of Discus you are offered by any vendor, you must look for a reputed breeder or a reliable retailer, who have a good experience in handling this exotic breed of fish. These sources can be a pet shop in your neighborhood, a hobbyist breeder or an online seller.
  • It is advised that before getting your batch of Discus, you must spend some time in observing them for their vibrant colors, their interaction with other fish, how active they are and that they look generally content and happy.
  • As far as physical examination is concerned, the fish must not breathe heavily, have twisted mouths, ill shaped fins and tails, skin injuries, swollen eyes and insufficient gill covers, which are a clear indication of their ill health and incapable breeding.
  • You can throw a few bits of feed to see if they rush to capture the food, this will show their agility. They should eat the food slowly, which is an indication of good health. You must ask the vendor about the age of the fish, water conditions needed in aquarium and Discus background to check his knowledge and expertise, so that you get the best bargain.
  • Shipping of Discus is also an important factor, it must be transported in a proper wish bowl that is strong and reliable to bear the discomfort of travel.

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Written by Debra Hutchinson, founder of FishXperts