Betta Fish Care Sheet

Betta fish is a very beautiful one to make your fish tank brightly colored and exquisite in looks, but it comes with some small yet necessary points to be remembered and always kept in regulation. Thus, here is a Betta fish complete care guide you should go through.

General

  • Betta fish is originally called Siamese fighting fish and is the most celebrated of the Gourami family.
  • Betta’s name comes from the ancient clan of warriors called “ The Bettah”.
  • Betta is a tropical fish with origin traced back to rice paddy fields and standing flood plains.
  • Betta has a life span of up to 6 years if kept properly.

Behavior

  • Betta is a combatant fish and is as aggressive as its vibrant colors.
  • Male Bettas never get along with each other and often fight off to death.
  • Female are less aggressive than male Betta fishes and can be kept together preferably for the breeding purpose.
  • Female Betta fish can be placed in a group of minimum 5 in a tank of at least 12-15 gallons of water.
  • Betta belongs to the labyrinth family of fishes and thus breathes through direct oxygen at times. They might jump out off the tank at times too.
  • Betta fish tank mates are very few and usually dull and smaller in size than Betta.

Housing

  • Betta fishes are best kept alone as they do not gel up well with any other fishes.
  • The optimum tank size for housing a Betta is 2 gallons or 10 litres minimum.
  • The Betta fish tanks choices are vast which include: Round bowls, bow front tanks, tanks with dividers, Zen looking tanks, advanced “bio” tanks.
  • Betta comes from a tropical region and thus requires a moderately warm temperature and get uncomfortable in the cooler temperatures than 75 degree Fahrenheit.
  • Decorations are not required in a Betta tank neither are they appreciated by the fish. But, dark caves and corners are preferred resting spots.
  • Betta likes to stay in one place and usually do not swim all around but are territorial in tendency.
  • Filters can be of lesser power when housing a Betta as their origin is from mostly standing waters thus, do not like high streams. The flow of the filter pump should be minimised.
  • Betta is very sensitive to atmosphere change and get sick with slightest variations. Keeping a regular check on the conditions and functioning of the tank is necessary.

Maintenance of Tank

SaleBestseller No. 1
FREESEA 1.4 Gallon Aquarium Starter Kits, Aquariums Square Betta Fish Tank with LED Light and Filter Pump
  • [Best Small Fish Tank on amazon]: The 1.4 gallon office desktop square small fish tank can raise betta, guppies, angel fish and other ornamental fishes. The fish tank is equipped with led lights and two decorative plastic aquatic plants, and you can also buy other decorations by yourself. What's more, the small fish tank would be make you more happy and relaxed even in day or at night.
  • [Free Aquarium starter kit]: there is a free complete filtration system hidden well behind the fish tank .This filter system can be removed and the space will larger after removed(Attention: According to our guests' experience, betta fish is easier to survive without a filter.This filter system can be removed and you can use it in ponds or other fish tanks. )
  • [Power supply]: The power bank or computer terminal are available for charge supply as it is 5V USB power. if the water pump doesn't work after the fish tank installation, the reason for that the voltage is not enough.You can use power bank or phone power plug to have a try.
  • As you know, fish tank is fragile products,and there are some accidents such as getting broken or damaged during delivery as it took a lot of time to arrive at your home.If you find the fish tank doesn't work or got broken, please feel free to conatct with us, and then we will refund or provide replacement for you.
  • [The best gift choosing]: This mini fish tank is the greatest gift that you can send to your kids,classmates, friends,colleagues and familys for festival days or birthday parties.
Bestseller No. 2
Aqueon Betta Fish Tank Starter Kit, Half Gallon, Blue
  • Low-maintenance, economical kit to get you started
  • Half gallon betta aquarium includes divider for housing up to two betta per aquarium
  • Easy-open feeding door allows for feeding betta without taking the entire lid off
  • Aquarium plant, gravel, and samples of food & water care included!
  • Aqueon Mini Heater or Flat Heater recommended
SaleBestseller No. 3
Aqueon Betta Falls Kit Black One Size
  • Waterfall provides a constant flow of filtered water
  • Three separate compartments house up to three betta, small fish, or crustaceans
  • Frosted panels prevent fish from seeing one another
  • Fill indicator window shows internal water level at a glance
  • Uses Aqueon QuietFlow Filtration; cartridge, food, and water care samples are inside
Bestseller No. 4
Tetra LED Cube Shaped 3 Gallon Aquarium with Pedestal Base
  • Equipped with a Tetra 3i filter to keep your tank clean and provide a perfect environment for small tropical fish.
  • The tank features an LED light to show off your fish
  • Lid features a convenient feeding hole. Material : Glass and acrylic
  • Perfect for small tropical fish, goldfish or betta.
  • 10" D x 10"W x 10.512"H
Bestseller No. 5
Full Spectrum LED Light with Bamboo Board, fits Aquarium Nano Tank, Betta Fish Tank, Potted Plants, Succulent, Miniature Landscape (12W)
  • [Multiple Purpose] This lamp can be used as a nano quarium light, potted plant grow light, succulent grow light, a miniature lighta, a bonsai light and even a desk light. No matter what shape your tank or pot is, just simply put it on the bamboo board and your tank/plant is illuminated.
  • [Full Spectrum] The full Spectrum LED is designed to mimic natural outdoor sunlight to help your plants grow healthier and make plants look vivid. The lamp consistently emits wavelengths in the wide range, including those wavelengths visible to the human eye (what we perceive as color) and the invisible wavelengths, like ultraviolet and infrared. As a result, it will allow plants to grow healthily, as naturally grown in the sun. Also its CRI(RA) is above 80, better than normal LED Light.
  • [Bamboo Board] It features hard texture, water-proof, strong temperature insulation, no deformation and anti-insect. The size of 12W's wood board is 13.5" X 13", the maximal light height is 21".
  • [360 Degree Swivel] The lamp head is 360 Degree adjustable to meet your need.
  • [US Plug] 100-240V, US two pin Plug. Color temperature of this lamp is 6000K.

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

  • Unfiltered water tanks are not preferred for housing of a Betta and if so, will require compulsory 50% water change twice  week and complete water change once a week.
  • Waste products from fishes produce ammonia which is harmful in even small amounts. The filter needs to be effective in its working to remove it immediately.
  • Tank water cleaning for a filtered tank is easy in Betta with water change of 15-20% every week.
  • Betta fishes are easily affected by change in water temperature and thus make it sure that the water you are adding has the same temperature as the one it is already in.
  • Aquarium salt and water conditioners are good for Betta a they remove deadly toxins from the water. But, the amounts should be kept in regulation as they can harm the fish skin instead.
  • Tank can be cleaned by using gravel vacuum cleaners and soft clothes but not with soap or cleaning chemical. The bacteria in the tank are good for the fish.

Food and Diet

Bestseller No. 1
Tetra 77019 Betta Floating Mini Pellets for Bettas, 1.02 oz
  • BETTA FORMULATION Nutritionally complete daily diet for your Siamese fighting fish (betta splendens)
  • COLOR-ENHANCING Includes carotenoids to enhance your betta’s naturally brilliant colors
  • FLOATING PELLETS Ideally sized for top-feeding bettas
  • PROCARE FORMULA Helps support fish’s immune system for optimal health and long life
  • FOR DAILY FEEDING Feed 2 to 3 times daily only as much as your fish can consume within several minutes
Bestseller No. 2
Tetra BettaMin Select-A-Food 1.34 Ounces, Fish Flakes, Variety Pack
  • BETTA FORMULATION: Nutritionally balanced diet is an ideal daily staple food for your Siamese fighting fish (betta splendens) and other top-water feeding tropical fish.
  • 3 FOODS IN 1: Includes Tetra BettaMin Flakes, freeze-dried shrimp and TetraBetta Floating Mini Pellets in one can.
  • FOR DAILY FEEDING: Advanced nutrition for the discerning fish-keeper.
  • COLOR-ENHANCING: Works to enhance your betta’s naturally brilliant colors.
  • EASY-TO-USE DISPENSER: Canister top allows you to dial in the food you want.
Bestseller No. 3
Hikari Betta Bio-Gold Baby Pellets Fish Food Bundle Bonus Pack 3 Pack
  • Scientifically Developed Diet For All Types Of Bettas
  • Optimally Balanced Nutrition Bettas Require
  • Contains Ingredients Uniquely Beneficial To Bettas
  • Color Enhancing Diet
  • Perfectly Sized Pellet
SaleBestseller No. 4
Aqueon Pro Foods Betta Formula 1.4 oz
  • Nutritionally balanced for Betta
  • Developed around a betta's natural diet
  • Pellets float to allow for surface feeding
  • Contains color enhancers for vibrancy
  • Ideal for Betta, Gouramis and Paradise Fish
Bestseller No. 5
Tetra BloodWorms 0.28 Ounce, Freeze-Dried Food For Freshwater and Saltwater Fish, 0.28-Ounce, 100-Ml
  • aquarium DIET SUPPLEMENT Freeze-dried blood worms are a nutritious supplement to boost energy and conditioning in your aquarium fish
  • FOR FRESHWATER & SALTWATER FISH Perfect for bettas and ideal for small- to medium-sized tropical and marine fish
  • SPECIALLY PROCESSED Minimizes any undesirable organisms found in live bloodworms
  • CHILD-SAFETY LID Tetra BloodWorms should be kept out of reach of children
  • USAGE Feed 2 to 3 times a week in addition to staple diet only as much as your fish can consume within a few minutes

Last update on 2020-09-21 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

  • Betta fish is carnivorous and requires a high protein meat and fish based diet.
  • Commercial pellets can be good food choice for Betta as it includes fish meat, blood worms, shrimp mixture.
  • Betta fish can easily get constipated due to overfeeding. It does not have a control over its food cravings. So, keep a check on the amounts required for your Betta fish’s diet.
  • Betta requires around 2-3 pellets twice a day and not over that. Remove any uneaten food immediately from the tank.
  • Betta fish also likes snacks from time to time. They enjoy freeze dried or frozen bloodworms, brine shrimps and glass worms. Once a week is enough for them to avoid bloating.

Health and Sickness

  • Betta fish are highly prone to diseases as they are sensitive and have their behavioural tantrums too which affect its health.
  • The most common of the diseases are fin/tail rot and tail biting. They are mostly related to tank maintenance and can be cured easily.
  • Temperature change causes a lot of sickness to the Betta out of which lethargy is the most common. Use of a heater is recommended in the tank always.
  • Infections like white spots and parasite attack like ich are one of the deadly diseases for a Betta.
  • The best treatment for any disease treatment for a Betta is to isolate it in a similar tank rather than treating it in the same tank.
  • Tuberculosis is almost incurable in Betta fish.
  • Just like any other fish sickness, Betta can be cured by similar treatments for a too. But, use of aquarium salts and Epsum salts is a better method to treat most of them.

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[Revised and Updated for July, 2019]
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Written by Debra Hutchinson, founder of FishXperts