Betta Fish Care Sheet

Betta fish is a very beautiful one to make your fish tank brightly colored and exquisite in looks, but it comes with some small yet necessary points to be remembered and always kept in regulation. Thus, here is a Betta fish complete care guide you should go through.

General

  • Betta fish is originally called Siamese fighting fish and is the most celebrated of the Gourami family.
  • Betta’s name comes from the ancient clan of warriors called “ The Bettah”.
  • Betta is a tropical fish with origin traced back to rice paddy fields and standing flood plains.
  • Betta has a life span of up to 6 years if kept properly.

Behavior

  • Betta is a combatant fish and is as aggressive as its vibrant colors.
  • Male Bettas never get along with each other and often fight off to death.
  • Female are less aggressive than male Betta fishes and can be kept together preferably for the breeding purpose.
  • Female Betta fish can be placed in a group of minimum 5 in a tank of at least 12-15 gallons of water.
  • Betta belongs to the labyrinth family of fishes and thus breathes through direct oxygen at times. They might jump out off the tank at times too.
  • Betta fish tank mates are very few and usually dull and smaller in size than Betta.

Housing

  • Betta fishes are best kept alone as they do not gel up well with any other fishes.
  • The optimum tank size for housing a Betta is 2 gallons or 10 litres minimum.
  • The Betta fish tanks choices are vast which include: Round bowls, bow front tanks, tanks with dividers, Zen looking tanks, advanced “bio” tanks.
  • Betta comes from a tropical region and thus requires a moderately warm temperature and get uncomfortable in the cooler temperatures than 75 degree Fahrenheit.
  • Decorations are not required in a Betta tank neither are they appreciated by the fish. But, dark caves and corners are preferred resting spots.
  • Betta likes to stay in one place and usually do not swim all around but are territorial in tendency.
  • Filters can be of lesser power when housing a Betta as their origin is from mostly standing waters thus, do not like high streams. The flow of the filter pump should be minimised.
  • Betta is very sensitive to atmosphere change and get sick with slightest variations. Keeping a regular check on the conditions and functioning of the tank is necessary.

Maintenance of Tank

SaleBestseller No. 1
Tetra Bubbling LED Aquarium Kit 1 Gallon, Hexagon Shape, With Color-Changing Light Disc
  • Aquarium KIT Hexagon-shaped aquarium kit is perfect for betta fish
  • COLORFUL Bubbling disc automatically cycles through a rainbow of LED light colors
  • INCLUDES FILTER Includes air pump-driven Tetra Whisper Internal Power Filter to keep your tank clean and provide a healthy environment for pet fish
  • AIR PUMP Drives both the bubbling disc and the filter
  • CONVENIENT Clear canopy has a hole for easy feeding
Bestseller No. 2
Tetra ColorFusion Starter aquarium Kit 3 Gallons, Half-Moon Shape, With Bubbler And Color-Changing Light Disc
  • AQUARIUM KIT: Half-moon shape allows 180-degree panoramic viewing – starter kit has everything you need
  • BUBBLE CURTAIN Bubbling disc automatically cycles through a rainbow of LED light colors
  • INCLUDES FILTER: Includes air pump-driven Tetra Whisper Internal Power Filter to keep your tank clean and provide a healthy environment for pet fish
  • AIR PUMP Drives both the bubbling disc and the filter
  • CONVENIENT Clear canopy has a hole for easy feeding
Bestseller No. 3
Aqueon LED MiniBow Small Aquarium Fish Tank Kit with SmartClean Technology, Blue, 1 Gallon
  • Equipped with SmartClean(TM) Technology to perform water changes in less than 2 minute
  • Improve water quality for a happy, healthy fish
  • Includes aquarium vessel, hood and elevated base, power filter, small filter cartridge, fish food, water conditioner and setup guide
  • Great home for small fish
  • For first time and experience fish keepers of all ages
Bestseller No. 4
Betta Fish Tank Self Cleaning Glass 2 Gallon Small Nano Aquarium Starter Kits Desktop Room Decor w/ LED Light Decorations & Whisper Filters Water Pump (Fish Tank)
  • 🥳 【Easy to Set】 This small aquarium starter kits is easy to assemble, you can refer to the instructions as well as the video in the listing to learn the installation. The whole fish tank kit contains a 2 Gal. Glass fish tank, a 3 colors LED light, a quiet 3-in-1 aquarium filter, a small fish tank decorations. Suitable for breeding betta fish, shrimp, lobster, jellyfish crayfish, goldfish...
  • 🐟【Keep Crystal Clear】 The beta fish tank self cleaning has a quiet 3-in-1 filter to form a complete filtration system. It can reduce the number of water changes, so that the small fish are not irritated by frequent changes in the environment. And it keeps the tank Crystal clear and also add air.
  • 👍 【High Quality GLASS】 The fish tank is made of GLASS, only the black part is made of plastic. The glass fish tank is not easy to scratch, deformation, rounded side design on the front of the fish tank, no bumps and hurts, easy to clean, stable and durable.
  • 💒 【Room Decor】The fish tanks is the great choice to decorate your room and decorate your office, to add color to your living and working environment. Pleasant mood as well as relaxing life. It will not disturb your work, life and sleep. Real tests, make the water pump fully immersed in the water, the pump's sound was below 35 DB.
  • 🎁 【Great GIFT Idea】The best choice of gifts for friends and family, can also be given to children aged 6-12 years old as a birthday gift ,simple and can develop children's hands-on skills, does NOT look cheap.
Bestseller No. 5
Koller Products AquaView 2.5-Gallon Fish Tank with Power Filter and LED Lighting (7 Color Selections)
  • FUN and REWARDING: Are you looking to buy an aquarium for your family? Owning an aquarium can be a really fun and rewarding experience and an ideal way to teach your child the responsibility of pet ownership.
  • DAZZLING COLORS: Energy-efficient LED lighting with 7 dazzling color selections to brightly illuminate your fish, choose daylight white, blue, green, amber, aqua, purple, or red.
  • COMPLETE FILTRATION: Powerful internal power filter cleans and purifies aquarium water at a flow rate of 25 gallons per hour effectively removing organic pollutants. Uses Koller Products XS replacement filter cartridges (AQ05FC-30), available on Amazon.
  • OPTIMUM VIEWING: Crystal-clear clarity so good that most think it's glass, constructed of impact-resistant plastic providing leak-proof assurance.
  • BUILT-IN LIGHT TIMER: Set your LED light to come on at the same time every day. Light uses 3 AAA batteries (sold separately) or 5V Power Adapter (AQ51000) available on Amazon.

Last update on 2022-12-05 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

  • Unfiltered water tanks are not preferred for housing of a Betta and if so, will require compulsory 50% water change twice  week and complete water change once a week.
  • Waste products from fishes produce ammonia which is harmful in even small amounts. The filter needs to be effective in its working to remove it immediately.
  • Tank water cleaning for a filtered tank is easy in Betta with water change of 15-20% every week.
  • Betta fishes are easily affected by change in water temperature and thus make it sure that the water you are adding has the same temperature as the one it is already in.
  • Aquarium salt and water conditioners are good for Betta a they remove deadly toxins from the water. But, the amounts should be kept in regulation as they can harm the fish skin instead.
  • Tank can be cleaned by using gravel vacuum cleaners and soft clothes but not with soap or cleaning chemical. The bacteria in the tank are good for the fish.

Food and Diet

Bestseller No. 1
TetraBetta PLUS Floating Mini Pellets, Fish Food With Natural Color Enhancer
  • BETTA FORMULATION: Nutritionally balanced diet is an ideal daily staple food for your Siamese fighting fish (betta splendens) and other top-water feeding tropical fish.
  • FOR DAILY FEEDING: Premium diet high in protein and omega-3 fatty acids for energy and growth.
  • COLOR ENHANCING: Includes natural color enhancers to promote the development of rich, beautiful coloration in your betta fish.
  • FLOATING CRISPS: Blend of tiny, colorful floating crisps for top-water feeders.
  • CLEAR WATER: Advanced clear water formula helps maintain water clarity.
Bestseller No. 2
GloFish Betta Flakes 0.81 oz, 85 ml
  • OPTIMIZED FOR GLOFISH BETTAS: GloFish Betta Flakes is optimized for GloFish Bettas
  • NUTRITIONALLY COMPLETE: Contains shrimp proteins for healthy growth
  • FLAKE FORMULA: Flakes offer a nutritionally complete blend of food for GloFish Bettas and other tropical fish
  • FEEDING: Feed 2 to 3 times daily, only as much as your fish can consume within a minute or so
  • BRINGING COLOR TO LIFE: GloFish fluorescent fish and products create a complete underwater fluorescent experience
SaleBestseller No. 3
Aqueon Pro Foods Betta Fish Food Formula 1.4 oz
  • Nutritionally balanced for Betta
  • Developed around a betta's natural diet
  • Pellets float to allow for surface feeding
  • Contains color enhancers for vibrancy
  • Ideal for Betta, Gouramis and Paradise Fish
Bestseller No. 4
Tetra 16838 BettaMin Flakes, 0.81-Ounce,Blacks & Grays
  • This Specialized Combination Of Small, Thin Red Flakes And Freeze Dried Brine Shrimp Is Formulated To Maximize Acceptance And Intake.
  • Blended With Patented Procure For Optimal Health.
  • Does not cloud water.
  • This specialized combination of small, thin red flakes and freeze dried brine shrimp is formulated to maximize acceptance and intake.
  • Blended with patented ProCare for optimal health.
Bestseller No. 5
Tetra BettaMin Select-A-Food 1.34 Ounces, Fish Flakes, Variety Pack
  • BETTA FORMULATION: Nutritionally balanced diet is an ideal daily staple food for your Siamese fighting fish (betta splendens) and other top-water feeding tropical fish.
  • 3 FOODS IN 1: Includes Tetra BettaMin Flakes, freeze-dried shrimp and TetraBetta Floating Mini Pellets in one can.
  • FOR DAILY FEEDING: Advanced nutrition for the discerning fish-keeper.
  • COLOR-ENHANCING: Works to enhance your betta’s naturally brilliant colors.
  • EASY-TO-USE DISPENSER: Canister top allows you to dial in the food you want.

Last update on 2022-12-05 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

  • Betta fish is carnivorous and requires a high protein meat and fish based diet.
  • Commercial pellets can be good food choice for Betta as it includes fish meat, blood worms, shrimp mixture.
  • Betta fish can easily get constipated due to overfeeding. It does not have a control over its food cravings. So, keep a check on the amounts required for your Betta fish’s diet.
  • Betta requires around 2-3 pellets twice a day and not over that. Remove any uneaten food immediately from the tank.
  • Betta fish also likes snacks from time to time. They enjoy freeze dried or frozen bloodworms, brine shrimps and glass worms. Once a week is enough for them to avoid bloating.

Health and Sickness

  • Betta fish are highly prone to diseases as they are sensitive and have their behavioural tantrums too which affect its health.
  • The most common of the diseases are fin/tail rot and tail biting. They are mostly related to tank maintenance and can be cured easily.
  • Temperature change causes a lot of sickness to the Betta out of which lethargy is the most common. Use of a heater is recommended in the tank always.
  • Infections like white spots and parasite attack like ich are one of the deadly diseases for a Betta.
  • The best treatment for any disease treatment for a Betta is to isolate it in a similar tank rather than treating it in the same tank.
  • Tuberculosis is almost incurable in Betta fish.
  • Just like any other fish sickness, Betta can be cured by similar treatments for a too. But, use of aquarium salts and Epsum salts is a better method to treat most of them.

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[Revised and Updated for July, 2019]
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Written by Debra Hutchinson, founder of FishXperts